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Human Body System
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    Questions regarding the Human Body System


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    Whittington
  • What is the flap that covers the trachea and keeps food from going into the respiratory system?
    Epiglottis

  • 15 points
  • What is chemical digestion?
    Enzymes in saliva start to breakdown food into smaller pieces.

  • 15 points
  • What is the function of the caecum (small pouch at beginning of large intestine)?
    Helps break down vegetables

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  • What is the function of the Large Intestine?
    Absorbs excess water from undigested food.

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  • What is the function of the kidneys?
    To filter blood

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  • Ureters are tubes that connect _____________ to the bladder.
    Kidneys

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  • Name 3 of the 5 functions of your skeletal system?
    Structure/Support, Protection, Movement, Makes blood, Storage of minerals

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  • What is osteoporosis?
    Brittle bones that break easily.

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  • What is the proper name for your collarbone?
    Clavicle

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  • What is the proper name for your fingers and toes?
    Phalanges

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  • What is the proper name for the wrist bones?
    Carpals

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  • What is the function of Red Blood Cells?
    To carry oxygen and carbon dioxide.

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  • What carries oxygenated blood away from the heart?
    Arteries

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  • What are capillaries?
    Link arteries and veins

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  • What is Sickle Cell Anemia?
    The blood cells are the wrong shape so they can't carry oxygen properly and they can cause clots.

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  • What is the proper term for the vocal chords?
    Larynx

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  • What are the air sacs at the end of the bronchiole that exchange gases?
    Alveoli

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  • Name 2 of the 4 1st defense of your Immune System?
    Skin, Mucus, Saliva, Stomach Acid,

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  • What are the proteins that remember a previous sickness and tell the body how to fight it?
    Antibodies

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  • What is the function of the tonsils and adenoids?
    To trap bacteria.

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  • What is the function of the bone marrow?
    Stem cells can create new blood cells.

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  • HIV attacks what types of cell in the Immune System?
    White Blood Cell

  • 15 points
  • What is melanin?
    A protein that gives your skin color and protects your skin from UV radiation.

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  • What are the 3 types of muscle tissue?
    Skeletal, Smooth, Cardiac

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  • If a body cell of a penguin has 18 chromosomes, how many chromosomes would the daughter cell have undergoing meiosis?
    9

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  • Is a body cell of a dog has 44 chromosomes, how many chromosomes would the daughter cell have after undergoing mitosis?
    44

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  • How many rounds of cell division does a cell go through to complete the process of meiosis?
    2

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  • What is the name of the round muscles that are in the top of the stomach, the bottom of the bladder, and the top of the anus?
    Sphincters

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  • What is mechanical digestion?
    Physical breakdown of food into smaller pieces

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  • What does the suffix "itis" mean?
    Inflammation

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  • What is believed to have been the function of the appendix?
    To breakdown raw food and bacteria

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  • What is the proper term for the kneecap?
    Patella

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  • What is the function of platelets?
    To clot blood (to form scabs)

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  • If you have the hiccups, you have muscles contractions in what muscle?
    Diaphragm

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  • HIV attacks what type of cell in the body?
    White Blood Cells

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  • What are the 2 main layers of the skin?
    Epidermis and Dermis

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  • What is the hollow ball of cells called after 5 days of fertilization?
    Blastocyst

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  • The respiratory system takes in oxygen and carries it to cells to perform what process that creates ATP (energy)?
    Cellular Respiration

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  • Amylase is a part of chemical digestion and breaks down carbohydrates. What type of molecule is Amylase?
    Enzyme

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  • Lymph nodes in your neck are apart of what body system?
    Immune System

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  • What waste product does the skin excrete?
    Salt

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  • What is scoliosis?
    Curvature of the spine

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  • Tendons connect ___________ to bones.
    Muscles

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  • What is the proper name of the chest plate?
    Sternum

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  • What is the proper name of your jaw bone?
    Mandible

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  • What is the proper name of your upper arm bone?
    Humerus

  • 15 points
  • Unoxygenated blood coming from the body towards the heart travels through what type of blood vessel?
    Veins

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  • What is pneumonia?
    Fluid in the alveoli

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  • How does the inflammatory response affect the body?
    Raises temp to kill antigens

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  • What is asthma?
    Inflammation of the bronchi and bronchioles

  • 15 points