Past Simple vs. Past Perfect

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  • After he (work) very hard, he (fall) ill.
    had worked/ fell
  • When Julie got home from her holiday, the flat was a mess. John (have) a party.
    had had
  • (he / live) in London before he moved to Glasgow?
    Had he lived
  • John (play) the piano when he was a child, but he doesn't play now.
  • (you / eat) anything before you went to the theatre?
    Had you eaten
  • (they / book) a room before they went to Dublin?
    Had they booked
  • I went to the library, then I (buy) some milk and went home.
  • It (rain) all summer, so the grass was completely dead.
    hadn't rained
  • We lost the match because we (practise / not) the days before.
    hadn't practised
  • After Columbus (discover) America, he (return) to Spain.
    had discovered/ returned
  • The thief could walk right into the house because you (lock / not) the door.
    hadn't locked
  • She (open) the box after she (find) the key.
    opened/ had found
  • (Carly / wash) the dishes when her mum came home?
    Had Carly washed
  • When I (get) to the airport I discovered I had forgotten my passport.
  • After they (see) the Tower, they (go) to Westminster Abbey.
    had seen/ went
  • We ate at a restaurant last night because I (buy / not) anything for dinner.
    hadn't bought
  • (why / they / have) dinner before they came to the party?
    Why had they had
  • (what / Bob / do) that he was kept in after school?
    What had Bob done
  • When we came back, it was cold in the house because Alice (close / not) the windows.
    hadn't closed
  • They (go) to a restaurant after they (sail).
    went/ had sailed
  • In the shopping centre, I met a friend who I (see / not) for ages.
    hadn't seen
  • At school, Jim quickly copied the homework that he (do / not)
    hadn't done
  • He (ask) me which animals I (see) in Africa.
    asked/ had seen
  • Before they (move) to Liverpool, they (sell) everything.
    moved/ had sold
  • When I opened the curtains the sun was shining and the ground was white. It (snow) during the night.
    had snowed
  • Before they (start) the party, they (invite) some friends.
    started/ had invited