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Early Middle Ages
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    Review for the Test on the Early Middle Ages
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  • When the Huns invaded, what happened to the other European tribes?
    they were pushed westward
  •  10
  • Why are the earliest years sometimes called the “Dark Ages”?
    loss of learning (mostly), also threat of attacks
  •  10
  • Who was Charles the Hammer Martel?
    Frankish king who stopped Muslim advance at Battle of Tours
  •  15
  • Why was Charlemagne the ideal emperor for many?
    Frankish king, devout Christian, Roman emperor
  •  15
  • Why did being a member of the clergy equal having power?
    authority among the people, access to education, working for God
  •  20
  • What was life like at the bottom of the feudalism pyramid?
    Peasants, worked land, paid tribute
  •  10
  • What training did a knight go through?
    Page at age 7, squire to a knight at age 13, knight at 21
  •  10
  • What advantages and disadvantages did you have if you were a noble?
    Land, manor, serfs to work it; fealty to the king, taxes
  •  20
  • Which three people were chivalrous knights supposed to fight for?
    Lord, lord, and lady
  •  15
  • What was the exact date of Charlemagne’s coronation?
    Christmas Day, 800 AD
  •  20
  • Which people invaders often targeted monasteries?
    Vikings
  •  10
  • Name two things people did for entertainment?
    Went hunting, played games, listened to troubadours, …
  •  15
  • What food item often started on the castle table and ended up on the peasant table?
    trenchers (bread plates)
  •  10
  • Why did cities grow around castles?
    Protection, trade, servitude
  •  10
  • Who read and wrote in the Middle Ages?
    Clergy, maybe a noble
  •  15
  • What was a barbican?
    An extra fortress in front of the gatehouse
  •  20
  • What animals sometimes swam in the water moats?
    leeches
  •  10
  • Name three possibilities for breaching the curtain wall.
    Trebuchets, siege towers, Battering Ram, (Greek Fire)
  •  20
  • What dangers do you need to be careful of in the gatehouse?
    murder holes
  •  15
  • What was the three-fold purpose of the batter?
    Stability to the wall, keeping siege towers away, angling dropped items toward the attackers
  •  20
  • Why were people so willing to accept the Church as their authority?
    Offered stability, unity, community, safety, reliability
  •  15
  • Name two kings who practiced mass conversion.
    Clovis, Charles Martel, Charlemagne
  •  10
  • Which monk wrote the really strict rule book?
    St. Benedict
  •  20
  • What is the difference between excommunication and interdict?
    One person vs. whole community kicked out of the church
  •  15