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A New Nation
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    Hamilton / Jefferson, Foreign Policy, and Supreme Court


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    JSierputowski
  • Describe the Founding Fathers.
    All Federalists during the Constitutional Convention who supported the Constitution and wanted a stronger central government

  • 15 points
  • Describe the Anti-Federalists
    Common man, farmers, against the bank, from the south and west, known as Dem-Rep, and did not support the 'elastic clause'

  • 15 points
  • Describe the Federalists
    Supported the wealthy, from the NE, supported the bank, wanted a stronger federal government, loose interpretation

  • 15 points
  • Political Parties
    Washington was against them, developed over strict / loose constructionist and strength of state / federal government

  • 15 points
  • Bill of Rights
    Anti-Federalists wanted this to protect individuals from abuses from the federal government (protection of individual rights)

  • 15 points
  • Checks and Balances
    Principle of the Constitution that prevents one branch from having too much power

  • 15 points
  • Movement of nation's capital
    This was done in order to get southern support for Hamilton's national bank

  • 15 points
  • Elastic Clause
    Also known as the necessary / proper clause. Fed gov. can do anything that is necessary to run the gov. (Implied powers)

  • 15 points
  • Whiskey Rebellion (1794)
    1st challenge of new Constitution. Excise tax on grain, PA farmers rebelled and Washington led troops to put it down (fed. gov. enforced laws within states)

  • 15 points
  • Protective Tariff
    Supported by Hamilton (Federalists) and placed a tax on imported goods from other nations.

  • 15 points
  • Excise Tax
    Placed on whiskey / grain, supported by Hamilton, and upset PA farmers enough to rebel

  • 15 points
  • Thomas Jefferson
    Dem-Rep who supported the common man, French Revolution, agriculture, opposed the bank

  • 15 points
  • Pinckney Treaty
    This was a treaty with Spain that gave the US all land east of the Mississippi River (Except FL) as well as access to New Orleans for trade.

  • 15 points
  • XYZ Affair
    This was an event with France that created intense anti-French feelings due to the low-level officials and a bribe.

  • 15 points
  • Alien and Sedition Acts
    This was passed by Adams and was in an attempt to limit the speech of Dem-Rep. by raising residency from 5-14 years, and jailed / deported them for speaking out

  • 15 points
  • Response to the Alien and Sedition Acts
    Dem-Rep were against this act because it violated the 1st Amendment (they could be thrown in jail for speaking out)

  • 15 points
  • Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
    Written by Jefferson / Madison in response to Alien / Sedition Act, helped Jefferson win election (Adams lost), and gave right of nullification to states

  • 15 points
  • John Marshal
    Chief Justice of the Supreme Court who strengthened the federal government due to his rulings

  • 15 points
  • Marbury v. Madison
    Established right of Judicial Review (Court's ability to declare an act unconstitutional)

  • 15 points
  • Supreme Court
    Highest court on the land / final authority in terms of interpretation of the Constitution

  • 15 points
  • Judiciary Act of 1789
    Detailed plan to create the judicial branch (Supreme Court)

  • 15 points
  • Gibbons v. Ogden
    Case that allowed federal government to regulate interstate trade

  • 15 points
  • Dartmouth v. Woodward
    This was a case that upheld the sanctity of of contracts against encroachment by state government

  • 15 points
  • McCulloch v. Maryland
    Case that state the federal government has the authority to establish a national bank (states can't tax the national bank)

  • 15 points
  • Worcester v. Georgia
    Case that dealt with the Cherokee and stated they had federal protection from actions of the state governments

  • 15 points