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Elements, Compounds, & Mixtures
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    The study of the differences between, elements, compounds, mixtures, and the atoms that make them up.
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  • The basic unit of a chemical element, that is made up of protons, electrons, and neutrons.
    Atom
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  • True or False, Nitrogen is a Metal?
    False
  •  5
  • This substance is made up of two or more elements chemically combined?
    Compound
  •  5
  • The vertical columns on the periodic table are called what?
    Groups
  •  5
  • A notation of one or two letters representing a chemical element.
    Symbol
  •  5
  • Two or more different atoms that combine together to form a….
    Compound
  •  10
  • What are the horizontal rows on the periodic table called?
    Periods
  •  10
  • The product of combining two or more substances that retain their properties. 
    Mixture
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  • What are called the building blocks of matter. (From your notes) because all matter is composed of these? 
    Elements or Atoms
  •  10
  • A negatively charged particle, that exists independently outside the nucleus of an atom. 
    Electron
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  • A positively charged particle, that exists dependently within the nucleus of an atom. 
    Proton
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  • True or False Compounds use some form of energy, usually heat, to transform the elements into a new substance. 
    True
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  • How is a mixture different from a compound?
    A mixture does not create a new substance, each element keeps their original properties. A compound creates a new substance from two other substances.
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  • What is the name of the gas family at the far right of the periodic table?
    Noble Gases
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  • An elementary particle having no charge and equal mass to a proton, found in the nucleus of all atoms except Hydrogen.
    Neutron
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  • A single atom or several atoms bound together forming the smallest particle that possesses all the characteristics of an element or compound.
    Molecule
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  • The distribution of electrons of an atom or molecule in their atomic or molecular orbitals.
    Electron Configuration
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  • Lithium, Sodium, and Potassium are all part of the same family of metals to the far left of the periodic table of elements, what is their groups' name?
    Alkali Metals
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  • To what 2 families do the majority of the radioactive elements belong to?
    Lanthanides & Actinides
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  • When two atoms of the same element combine together chemically they form...
    Diatomic Molecule
  •  20
  • For the compound C6H12O6, identify what elements make up this molecule of glucose, and how many of each.
    6 Carbon, 12 Hydrogen, 6 Oxygen
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  • True or False Elements in a mixture will keep their properties?
    True
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  • What is the only metal element that is a liquid at room temperature?
    Mercury
  •  25
  • What is another name for the shell that the electrons orbit around, in an atom
    Electron Cloud
  •  20
  • The part of an atom where the protons are located is called…
    Nucleus
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  • What is the name of the Family of elements that resides to the left of the periodic table, and is the most reactive elements, with one electron in their outer circle?
    Alkali Metals
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  • What is the name of the Family of elements that resides in group 2 and is highly reactive with two electrons in their outer circle?
    Alkaline Earth Metals
  •  15
  • What is the name of the Family of elements that that contains the majority of metals?
    Transition Metals
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  • What is the name of the Family of elements that that contains metals that aren't magnetic or highly conductive?
    Metalloids
  •  15
  • What is the name of the Family of elements that contains Oxygen and Hydrogen?
    Non-metals
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  • What is the name of the Family of elements that contains solids, liquids, and gases, and aren't very reactive?
    Halogens
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  • What is the name of the Family of elements that contains gases, and don't react with fire or electricity due to their electron configurations.
    Noble Gases
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  • Which element is highly reactive, like the Alkali Metals, but isn't in fact a metal at all?
    Hydrogen
  •  25
  • What is the name of the Family of elements that contains radioactive elements such as Uranium and Plutonium?
    Actinide Series
  •  15
  • What is the name of the Family of elements that contains silver colored reactive elements such as, Neodymium and Europium?
    Lanthanide Series
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