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Science Review
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    Science Review


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  • Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and carried away (i.e. weathering, glaciation)
    Erosion

  • 15 points
  • A structure of calcite skeletons built up by coral animals in warm, shallow ocean water.
    Coral Reef

  • 15 points
  • A force of attraction between objects that is due to their masses.
    Gravity

  • 20 points
  • An organism that breaks down wastes and dead organisms
    Decomposer

  • 20 points
  • An organism that can make its own food.
    Producer

  • 20 points
  • An animal that eats other animals
    Carnivore

  • 15 points
  • A carnivore that feeds on the bodies of dead organisms
    Scavenger

  • 20 points
  • An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms
    Consumer

  • 20 points
  • A community of organisms where there are several interrelated food chains
    Food Web

  • 20 points
  • A consumer that eats only plants.
    Herbivore

  • 20 points
  • An animal that eats both plants and animals
    Omnivore

  • 20 points
  • A series of steps in which organisms transfer energy by eating and being eaten
    Food Chain

  • 20 points
  • An environment that provides the things a specific organism needs to live, grow, and reproduce.
    Habitat

  • 20 points
  • A living thing
    Organism

  • 20 points
  • An ability to cause a change or do work.
    Energy

  • 20 points
  • Any living part of the environment with which an organism might interact
    Biotic Factor

  • 20 points
  • Non-living factors including temperature, water, sunlight, wind, rocks and soil
    Abiotic Factor

  • 20 points
  • Process by which organisms use energy from sunlight to make their own food
    Photosynthesis

  • 20 points
  • The curved path of a celestial object or spacecraft around a star, planet, or moon, esp. a periodic elliptical revolution
    Orbit

  • 20 points
  • The movement of an object around another object
    Revolution

  • 20 points
  • A phase of the moon that comes after a 1st quarter moon and before a full moon where almost all of the moon is lit up from the right to the left, except a small bit on the left.
    Waxing Gibbous

  • 20 points
  • A phase of the moon that comes after a 1st quarter moon and before a full moon where almost all of the moon is lit up from the right to the left, except a small bit on the left.
    Waxing Gibbous

  • 20 points
  • Moon phase that occurs when the Moon is between Earth and the Sun, at which point the Moon cannot be seen because its lighted half is facing the Sun and its dark side faces Earth.
    New Moon

  • 15 points
  • Moon phase when all of the Moon's lighted half is visible
    Full Moon

  • 15 points
  • The Moon appears to be partly but less than one-half illuminated by direct sunlight. The fraction of the Moon's disk that is illuminated is decreasing.
    Waning Crescent

  • 15 points
  • Half of the moon is covered; light is on the LEFT.
    Last Quarter

  • 15 points
  • A phase of the moon coming after a new moon and before a 1st quarter moon that is a lit up crescent on the right
    Waxing Crescent

  • 15 points
  • One-half of the Moon appears to be illuminated by direct sunlight. The fraction of the Moon's disk that is illuminated is increasing.
    First Quarter

  • 15 points
  • A phase of the moon that comes after a full moon and before a last quarter moon where all of the moon is lit up except for a small bit on the right side of the moon that we can see.
    Waning Gibbous

  • 15 points
  • An astronomical event that occurs when one celestial object moves into the shadow of another.
    Eclipse

  • 15 points
  • Occurs when the Moon passes directly between the Sun and Earth and casts a shadow over part of Earth
    Solar Eclipse

  • 25 points
  • An eclipse where the Earth comes between the Sun and the Moon and it is a full Moon (the moon is covered, has a shadow of dark red cast on it, or slightly dimmed)
    Lunar Eclipse

  • 25 points
  • The name given to the four inner planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars
    Terrestrial Planets

  • 15 points
  • A large planet of relatively low density consisting predominantly of hydrogen and helium, such as Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, or Neptune.
    Gas Giant

  • 15 points
  • A thin disc of small ice and rock particles surrounding a planet
    Ring

  • 15 points
  • The collection of planets and their moons in orbit around a sun, together with smaller bodies such as asteroids, meteoroids, and comets.
    Solar System

  • 15 points
  • Smallest planet is closest to sun; does not have a true atmosphere; has extreme hot and cold temperatures
    Mercury

  • 25 points
  • 2nd planet from Sun; has a dense atmosphere & known to rain acid w/ high temp.'s, a surface w/ craters, fault like cracks, & volcanoes; sometimes called Earth's twin
    Venus

  • 25 points
  • 3rd planet from sun; has an atmosphere that protects life & surface temp.'s that allow water to exist as a solid, liquid, & gas
    Earth

  • 15 points
  • Fourth planet from the sun is known as red planet because of oxidation
    Mars

  • 15 points
  • the largest planet, the fifth planet from the sun; it has a large red spot.
    Jupiter

  • 20 points
  • sixth planet from sun with many rings
    Saturn

  • 15 points
  • 7th planet from Sun; is large & gaseous, has a distinct bluish-green color, & rotates on an axis nearly parallel to the plane of its orbit
    Uranus

  • 15 points
  • 8th from the sun, no atmosphere, furthest out, high methane content, has the great dark spot
    Neptune

  • 15 points
  • A frozen mass of different types of ice and dust that orbit the Sun
    Comet

  • 15 points
  • A small, rocky object that orbits the sun; most asteroids are located in a band between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter
    Asteroid

  • 20 points
  • Anything that has mass and takes up space
    Matter

  • 25 points
  • A state of matter with no definite shape or volume
    Gas

  • 20 points
  • A state of matter that has a definite volume but no definite shape.
    Liquid

  • 20 points
  • The amount of space something takes up
    Volume

  • 20 points
  • A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
    Solid

  • 20 points
  • A measure of the amount of matter in an object
    Mass

  • 20 points
  • A measure of the force of gravity on an object
    Weight

  • 20 points
  • Energy of motion
    Kinetic Energy

  • 20 points
  • Stored Energy
    Potential Energy

  • 20 points
  • Heat energy
    Thermal Energy

  • 20 points
  • Energy caused by the movement of electrons.
    Electrical Energy

  • 20 points
  • Energy stored in chemical bonds
    Chemical Energy

  • 20 points
  • Energy stored in the nucleus of an atom
    Nuclear Energy

  • 20 points
  • Energy from the sun
    Solar Energy

  • 20 points
  • Heat transfer by electromagnetic waves
    Radiation

  • 25 points
  • A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in an object.
    Temperature

  • 25 points
  • An instrument used to measure temperature
    Thermometer

  • 15 points
  • The continuous process by which water moves from Earth's surface to the atmosphere and back
    Water Cycle

  • 20 points
  • Tiny, one celled organisms found in water that break down organic matter
    Bacteria

  • 20 points
  • A term that describes an organism associated with a water environment.
    Aquatic

  • 20 points
  • An animal that hunts other animals for food
    Predator

  • 15 points
  • Animal hunted or caught for food
    Prey

  • 15 points
  • A relationship between two species in which both species benefit
    Mutualism

  • 20 points
  • A relationship between two organisms of different species where one benefits and the other is neither harmed nor benefited
    Commensalism

  • 20 points
  • A relationship between two organisms of different species where one benefits and the other is harmed
    Parasitism

  • 20 points
  • The rule stating energy cannot be created or destroyed
    Law of Conservation of Energy

  • 20 points
  • Plant food; type of sugar
    Glucose

  • 25 points
  • A gas that is brought into the body by the respiratory system.
    Oxygen

  • 25 points
  • Allows organisms to become almost invisible to predators
    Camouflage

  • 25 points
  • he change of a liquid to a gas
    Evaporation

  • 25 points
  • The change from a gas to a liquid
    Condensation

  • 25 points
  • Severe tides that occur during Full and New Moons
    Spring Tides

  • 25 points
  • tides with minimum daily tidal range that occur during the first and third quarters of the moon
    Neap Tides

  • 25 points