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Year End Humanities Review
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  • Where is the source of the Mekong (country name)
    China
  • If you used BC, would you use AD or CE?
    AD
  • Name 3 benefits of building dams
    irrigation, drinking water/reservoir, control floods, hydroelectric power, deepen waterways for boats
  • What is a key trait of all hominids?
    All bipedal (walk upright on 2 legs)
  • What century is the year 3 in?
    1st century
  • Put the following dates in order from oldest to newest: 400 CE, 1500 BCE, 30, 320 BCE.
    1500 BCE, 320 BCE, 30, 400 CE
  • A book written in the year 2000 about World War I would be what type of source - primary or secondary?
    secondary
  • Which early civilisation first discovered agriculture?
    Mesopotamia
  • When did farming first begin?
    Around 10,000 BCE
  • How many years are in a decade?
    10
  • An interview with someone who experienced an event first-hand would be what type of source - primary or secondary?
    primary
  • Name one geographical feature that is important to create a natural barrier/border around countries/regions?
    mountains, deserts, rivers
  • Who is this person and what is he famous for?
    Charles Darwin- the modern theory of evolution/natural selection
  • An idea that is supported by repeated tests and evidence is called what?
    scientific theory
  • How many years are in a century?
    100
  • Name the four earliest river valley civilisations
    Ancient China, Ancient Egypt, Indus River Valley, Mesopotamia
  • A skeleton of an early hominid would be what type of source - primary or secondary?
    primary
  • Name 3 negative impacts of building dams
    fish cannot migrate, decrease fish supply, blocks sediment and starves downstream ecosystems, people have to move/resettle, dam could break, etc
  • Describe one advantageous trait of giraffes.
    long neck, patterns for camouflage, long legs to run fast
  • Information that originates/comes from the event/time you are studying is what type of source?
    primary
  • Name the rivers that were important to the first civilisations
    Nile, Tigris, Euphrates, Indus, Yellow
  • What century are we in now?
    21st
  • Information that is made after the time/event you are studying is what type of source?
    secondary
  • When did homo sapiens first appear?
    about 200,000 years ago
  • Name 3 human geographical features
    religion, language, food, etc
  • When we can maintain something, keep something going, this means it is ____________ (related concept)
    sustainable
  • Which hominid had the largest brain?
    Homo neanderthalensis
  • If a species does not adapt to a changing environment, what will probably happen to it?
    go extinct
  • Where is the mouth of the Mekong?
    Vietnam
  • Put the following hominid groups in order from the earliest to the most recent: Homo group, Australopithecus group, Paranthropus group, Ardipithecus group.
    Ardipithecus group, Australopithecus group, Paranthropus group, Homo group
  • The process by which individuals that are better suited to their environment (those with advantageous traits) survive and reproduce most successfully is called what?
    survival of the fittest/natural selection
  • Would there be more pollution at the mouth or source of a river? Explain
    Mouth - because it is at the end. Any pollution dumped upstream would make its way downstream to the mouth
  • What innovation allowed humans to settle and start the first civilisations?
    agriculture/farming
  • What does BCE and BC stand for?
    Before the Common Era and Before Christ
  • Looking at the image, what do we call the entire region inside the bold line around the river?
    drainage basin
  • Name all the countries which the Mekong flows through
    China, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam
  • Historians study _______, which are objects that have been made by humans (such as weapons, clothing, jewelry and pottery, etc)
    artefacts
  • How did the discovery of agriculture lead to an increase in disease?
    domesticated animals spread disease to humans, and irrigation canals cause river water to become still/stagnate which also bread more disease
  • Historians must compare sources to make sure they have similar information. This skill is called_________.
    corroboration