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Argument Terms to Know

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  • opinion
    a belief, judgment, or way of thinking about something : what someone thinks about a particular thing
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  • fact
    something that truly exists or happens : something that has actual existence
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  • claim
    to say that (something) is true when some people may say it is not true - The position you are trying to get others to accept.
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  • Counterclaim/Counterargument
    the opposing claim or opposite opinion
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  • argument
    Making a claim and supporting it using logic or a statement or series of statements for or against something
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  • rebuttal
    to prove (something) is false by using arguments or evidence/demonstrating why the counter-argument is wrong.
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  • evidence
    fact that support your claim
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  • structure
    the way that something is built, arranged, or organized
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  • reason
    a statement or fact that explains why something is the way it is
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  • central idea
    the main idea of a piece of writing
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  • purpose
    the reason why something is done or used : the aim or intention of something
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  • audience
    the listener, viewer, or reader of a text (who will be affected)
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  • explanation (bridge or warrant)
    Statement that explains how the evidence supports and connects to the claim
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  • Persuasion
    Making a claim and supporting it using feelings and emotions. (sometimes logic)
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  • Ethos
    credibility
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  • Pathos
    Appeal to emotion
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  • Logos
    an appeal based on logic or reason
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